Cell structure


Cells have many vital parts that keep it functioning, and each has a very important role. The cell membrane is found in both animal and plant cells, and its primary function is to regulate what goes in and out of the cell. Chloroplast is only found in plant cells, and it captures energy from sunlight. It uses this energy to produce cell food, which is sugar. (Photosynthesis!) Cytoplasm is found in both types of cells, and it works to house gel-like fluids that support cell organelles. Endoplasmic Reticulum is found in both types, and carries substances, like proteins, to various parts of the cell. The Golgi Body/Complex is also found in both, and receives materials from endoplasmic reticulum, then distributes materials. The lysosome is only found in an animal cell, and serves to contain chemicals that break down certain materials, as well as breaks down dead cells. The mitochondria is in both types of cells is the powerhouse of the cell and produces energy for it. The Nuclear Envelope is in both types, and is similar to the cell membrane, except it protects the nucleus and regulates what comes in and out of it. The Nucleolus is in both types, and it’s function is to make ribosomes. The Nucleus, found in both types, is like the brain of the cell. It contains DNA, and directs all action , including reproduction. The ribosome, also found in both, serves to produce proteins. The Small Vacuole, found only in animal cells, transports and stores material, including waste. The cell wall, found only in the plant cell, helps protect and support it, as well as give the cell a shape.

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