What is cancer?

Cancer is a disease where abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy body tissue. There are many types of cancer, the most common being: breast cancer, prostate cancer, and basal cell cancer. Statistically, lethal cases are more common in men than women. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues. Many cancers form solid tumors, which are masses of tissue.

Cancer is a complex disease that arises when normal cells in the body begin to grow and divide uncontrollably, leading to the formation of a mass of abnormal cells called a tumor. Cancer can occur in any part of the body and can spread to other parts of the body through a process called metastasis.

There are many different types of cancer, each with their own unique characteristics and behaviors. Some of the most common types of cancer include breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, and skin cancer.

The causes of cancer are complex and can be influenced by a variety of factors, including genetic mutations, exposure to environmental toxins, lifestyle choices (such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption), and certain infections (such as human papillomavirus and hepatitis B and C).

Treatment for cancer typically involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy. The specific treatment plan depends on the type and stage of cancer, as well as the individual patient’s health and preferences.

Early detection and prevention are important in reducing the risk of cancer. This includes regular screenings, such as mammograms and colonoscopies, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and avoiding exposure to known carcinogens.